James Webb Space Telescope Feed Post

Date: 6/10/2024

Harvard ADS: Discovery of An Apparent Red, High-Velocity Type Ia Supernova at z = 2.9 with JWST

Paper abstract: We present the JWST discovery of SN 2023adsy, a transient object located in a host galaxy JADES-GS+53.13485-27.82088 with a host spectroscopic redshift of 2.903\pm0.007. The transient was identified in deep James Webb Space Telescope (JWST)/NIRCam imaging from the JWST Advanced Deep Extragalactic Survey (JADES) program. Photometric and spectroscopic followup with NIRCam and NIRSpec, respectively, confirm the redshift and yield UV-NIR light-curve, NIR color, and spectroscopic information all consistent with a Type Ia classification. Despite its classification as a likely SN Ia, SN 2023adsy is both fairly red (E(B-V)~0.9) despite a host galaxy with low-extinction and has a high Ca II velocity (19,000\pm2,000km/s) compared to the general population of SNe Ia. While these characteristics are consistent with some Ca-rich SNe Ia, particularly SN 2016hnk, SN 2023adsy is intrinsically brighter than the low-z Ca-rich population. Although such an object is too red for any low-z cosmological sample, we apply a fiducial standardization approach to SN 2023adsy and find that the SN 2023adsy luminosity distance measurement is in excellent agreement (<~1\sigma) with \LambdaCDM. Therefore unlike low-z Ca-rich SNe Ia, SN 2023adsy is standardizable and gives no indication that SN Ia standardized luminosities change significantly with redshift. A larger sample of distant SNe Ia is required to determine if SN Ia population characteristics at high-z truly diverge from their low-z counterparts, and to confirm that standardized luminosities nevertheless remain constant with redshift.